CLT Online Handbook

The CLT Online Handbook provides information on how to start a CLT. Includes by-laws, articles of incorporation, lease agreements, and associated documents.

 

Section I: Background Materials –The rationale and history behind creating a Community Land Trust.
 

Land: Challenge and Opportunity by Susan Witt and Robert Swann   Online  |  PDF
An introduction to re-thinking our relationship to the land, using the Community Land Trust as a tool. Discusses various uses of a Land Trust and how different community organizations can cooperate to effectively enable land and farmland preservation, initiate community land use planning and create affordable housing.    

 

Regional Responsibility for Farm Land by Susan Witt   Online  |  PDF
Clarifies the roles of the Land Trust in preserving farm land, and points to the potential for Community Land Trusts and Conservation Land Trusts to work together.    

 

Land Trusts as Part of a Threefold Economic Strategy for Regional Integration by Robert Swann   Online  |  PDF
Swann's threefold strategy includes land trusts, community development corporations and community money. Includes a discussion of key reasons why land trusts are advantageous in a strategy of regional decentralization.   

 

Introduction to the 1972 edition of The Community Land Trust Handbook by Robert Swann   Online  |  PDF
Discusses the evolution and historical precedents of land trusts.    
 

The 1972 edition of The Community Land Trust Handbook    PDF
 

Alternatives to Ownership: Land Trusts as Land Reform by Robert Swann    Online  |  PDF
Short discussion of CLTs as a way to create long-lasting land reform.  

Land, Land Trusts, and Employment by Robert Swann    Online  |  PDF
Swann disputes Keynes' approach to economic management, and offers the land trust as a more effective vehicle for increasing employment in a region.  

 

Section II: Creating a Community Land Trust Organization Brochure, bylaws and articles of organization for the Community Land Trust in the Southern Berkshires.

Info Pamphlet for the Community Land Trust in the Southern Berkshires    Online  |  PDF  |  En Español

Bylaws      Online  |  PDF 
The Community Land Trust (CLT)is a simple not-for-profit organization. As the CLT is capable of holding any land in the region, including land for farming, commercial use, residential and low income, the corporation is not organized as a tax exempt organization. A tax exempt designation would limit the activities of what is intended to be a broadly-reaching, flexible land holding organization.  

 

Section III: Forest Row -- Model for Affordable Housing History and legal documents for Forest Row.

Lease Agreement    Online  |  PDF
This is based on leases used by the Jewish National Fund and modified over the years within Massachusetts Law. Consult with your local lawyer for application to your local laws. The object is to provide leaseholders with ownership of all buildings and other improvements on the site while maintaining ownership of the land itself within the Trust. The resale restrictions call for the leaseholder to retain the current replacement value of improvements on the site, adjusted for deterioration, without capturing the speculative land value.  

Addendum to the Lease (see Indian Line Farm lease addendum)    Online  |  PDF
This addendum is for the benefit of a mortgager of the building on leased land. It allows a mortgager to be free from resale restrictions in the event of a foreclosure. There is also ample provision for the CLT to correct any default before foreclosure.  

Forest Row Land Use Plan    Online  | PDF
This model is for a multiple housing site, but the same detail would be used even for a single family site to show the maximum use intended for the site. The Land Use Plan is the heart of a lease agreement. Individual homeowners at Forest Row lease the space around their home privately and then lease the common areas together with the other residents of Forest Row. 

Notice of Lease (see Indian Line Farm notice of lease)     Online  |  PDF
The Notice of Lease, description of the property leased, and the Land Use Plan are recorded at the registry of deeds after signing. 

Homeowners' Association Bylaws      Online  |  PDF

Homeowners' Agreement relative to use and upkeep of common areas    Online  |  PDF

Agreement between owners of multiple-unit buildings    Online  |  PDF

Homeowners' Association Policies    Online  |  PDF

 

Section IV: Indian Line Farm -- Model for Farmland Preservation & Conservation History and legal documents for Indian Line Farm.

A New Lease on Farmland: Assuring a Future for Farming in the Northeast by Susan Witt and Jay Rossier    Online  |  PDF
A guide to CLT members to ensuring that farmland kept in a trust is used productively over the long-term.  

In Business Article: Group Effort Saves Nation's First CSA Farm by Susan Witt    Online  |  PDF

From Activism to Agriculture by Judith Monachina, Special to the Berkshire Eagle    Online  |  PDF

From Farm to Front Door by Mark Hawthorne, American Chronicle    Online  

Eating for Your Community by Robyn Van En      Online
A report from the founder of CSA on the origin of CSA, the first CSA farm, and community support in action for success.

Lease Agreement        Online  |  PDF
Based on leases used by the Jewish National Fund and modified over the years within Massachusetts Law. Consult with your local lawyer for application to your local laws. The object is to provide leaseholders with ownership of all buildings and other improvements on the site while maintaining ownership of the land itself within the Trust. The resale restrictions call for the leaseholder to retain the current replacement value of improvements on the site, adjusted for deterioration, without also capturing the speculative land value.    

Addendum to the Lease        Online  |  PDF
This addendum is for the benefit of a mortgager of the building on leased land. It allows a mortgager to be free from resale restrictions in the event of a foreclosure. There is also ample provision for the CLT to correct any default before foreclosure. 

Land Use Plan     PDF
Details the tillable land, buffer areas, and other uses of the land. It reflects the combined ecological, community, farming, and private homestead interests of the partnership. 

Land Management Plan     Online  |  PDF
Developed in cooperation with the farmers, the management plan sets the requirements for crop and livestock production to ensure that the land stays in use and is farmed in accordance with organic standards. 

Conservation Easement    Online  |  PDF
The easement protects the ecological characteristics of the farm.  

Notice of Lease     Online  |  PDF
The Notice of Lease, description of the property leased, and the Land Use Plan are recorded at the registry of deeds after signing. 

Bill of Sale    Online  |  PDF

Property Boundaries    Online  |  PDF

 

Section V: Great Barrington Land Conservancy

Great Barrington Land Conservancy       Online
Tax-exempt land conservancy's can work closely with land trusts to preserve land, which the land trust can then hold in perpetuity 

Bylaws        Online  |  PDF

Articles of Incorporation        Online  |  PDF